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Proponent of an "ancient " system of enchantment (a.k.a. understanding of the world) lost at the end of the ancient world but leaving traces on the landscape and in myth. (see wikipedia)
Fellow re-discoverer of the system of ancient metrology with the publication in 1982 of Ancient Metrology, a booklet making sense of the Great Pyramid, Stonehenge and an early division of units of measure into (a) Modules such as the Roman, Greek, Jewish, Egyptian, etc as having (b) microvariations he called Southern and Northern because they corresponded to the ratio of 176 in the north ( the 51 degree mean earth degree) to 175 in the south (lat 10 degrees). This was eventually expanded by John Neal in All Done With Mirrors, into a system of microvariations found within historical measures, based (at least*) on 176/175 but also 441/440 which Michell had shown as the ratio between the polar radius and mean radius of the earth. Combined these give 12 6/125, the ratio enabling the doubling in volume of Apollo's cubic altar and do important things with regard to circular measures also. Michell's final statement on metrology is to be found in his updated The Dimensions of Paradise where he applies metrology to his overall world view where metrology meets music, monuments and many geometrical forms he believed lay behind the form of the world.
*for instance, the microvariation ratio of 225/224 has been found by Neal in Arabic works.
Michell worked also with Robin Heath as presented in The Measure of Albion, plus extra work from either author on landscape geometries within the British Isles - extending their The View over Atlantis and Sun, Moon and Stonehenge.
Author of the charming and informative Little History of Astro-Archaeology
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Independent researcher of the megalithic and resident in Plouharnel, near Carnac, for many decades. Crowhurst runs a megalithic museum near to his home. His work on nearby megaliths began in a local association (AAK) for megalithic studies which published many magazines using a multi-cultural methodology from around the ancient world to resolve the unique forms presented by megalithic monuments and especially unique engraved stones of Gavrinis. Crowhurst continued his own interests after the group's dissolution, taking forward some of its ideas and conducting tours, under the auspices of ACEM, a new local study group.
The AAK found that sites around Carnac could be understood using multiple squares, whose diagonals coincided with lunar and solar maxima on the horizon, at that latitude, but the diagonal angles of these squares nest so enabling then to be stacked (in the angular sense) over a small selection of (at least) 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 13 multiple squares. Robin Heath's "lunation triangle" is half of a four-square triangle, thus linking time models since also the triple square approximates the eclipse year to solar and solar to 13 lunar month year. A third factor was my linking of time-factored triangles to day-inch counting, which appears to have been innovated by Carnac's megalith builders (in the absence of any other evidence earlier than 4500-4000BCE). Crowhurst's continuation and development of AAK's work by Crowhurst has enabled the metrology of the later megalithic, in the British Isles, to be better understood as to its origins in the inch, foot and megalithic yard which is naturally generated by the four-square geometry.
Megalithes (In French) (2007) out of print
The use of multiple squares for sacred architecture is clear in Egyptian Pharaonic grids, Indian temple building, Greek temple design and the Gothic; Carnac, The Alignments (2011) uses multiple squares as a landscape surveying technique forms an interesting guide also to Carnac's Alignments and their many surrounding megalithic structures. You can view a 2004 film made of a DuVersity tour facilitated by Howard in 2004, focussed on the chambered tomb of Gavrinis and Locmariaqer complex.
on the Web
Google Site: http://www.carnacdiscovery.com/home
ACEM Events: https://sites.google.com/site/enmegalithesinfo/
You can view a 2004 film made of a DuVersity tour facilitated by Howard in 2004, focussed on the chambered tomb of Gavrinis.
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See also http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Thom which opens: Alexander "Sandy" Thom (26 March 1894 – 7 November 1985) was a Scottish engineer most famous for his theory of the Megalithic yard, categorization of stone circles and his studies of Stonehenge and other archaeological sites." Robin Heath recently wrote a book describing Thom's major contribution to the notion of a megalithic science: . Alexander Thom: Cracking the Stone Age Code. Bluestone Press (May 2003). ISBN978-0-9526151-4-9.
- Megalithic Sites in Britain, Thom: 1967
- Megalithic Lunar Observatories, Thom: 1971
- Megalithic Remains in Britain and Brittany, Thom: 1978
Alexander Thom undertook a pioneering survey of British stone circles between 1934 and his death in 1985 and this in itself has created a unique archive of site plans without which the megalithic heritage of britain would never have been properly recorded as a whole, by British archaeologists. However, his ideas about the megalithic, emerging from this work, have generated controversy not least because he felt that the megalithic monuments showed clear evidence of a megalithic science.
His main ideas were quite revolutionary concerning the megalithic science, and these can be stated as,
- That alignments exist to known astronomical events on the horizon, between points of observation, intermediate features and distant horizon features, these features being distinct through having been created as megaliths or, whilst natural, yet apparently chosen as part of an alignment.
- That the megalithic monuments often contain an implicit architectural unit of length used in their construction, especially within the stone circle geometries.
- That british stone circles can be seen to involve simple circles as well as ellipses, flattened circles, enlarged circles (eggs), double circles, which seems to have been achieved geometrically using methods distributed over a large area of Britain.
His work triggered various responses from the scientific establishment, initially positive as well as negative. Events have conspired to create a confused mixture of individual responses which by being referenced add up to a rejection of Thom's work. The subject now only belongs to the history of science because it shows how science is defined by a scientific establishment whose opinions and preferences define what they consider to be scientific. This aspect of systems was proved mathematically by Kurt Godel, "one of the most significant logicians in history". His Incompleteness Theorum showed:
- If the system is consistent, it cannot be complete.
- The consistency of the axioms cannot be proven within the system.
One doubts that science, as practiced, is consistent despite the fact the system of science is considered consistent by scientists. It is left to historians of science to know otherwise, once the nay sayers and proponents are dead..
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Robin has at least two book projects on the go,
- one concerning research into the use of geometries first seen in the megalithic by the Celtic Church's and
- second, his local discovery of the precursor of Stonehenge in the Preseli mountains (release date 19th October)
Robin's website is at www.robinheath.info
Robin's Books are
1998: Sun, Moon and Stonehenge
1999: Sun, Moon and Earth (a Wooden Book)
1999: Stone Circles - A Beginner's Guide
2000: Stonehenge (a Wooden Book)
2010: Bluestone Magic